Date: December 01, 1974
Time: 11:10
Location: Near Berryville, Virginia
Operator: Trans World Airlines
Flight #: 514
Route: Columbus - Washington D.C.
AC Type: Boeing B-727-231
Registration: N54328
cn / ln: 20306/791
Aboard: 92   (passengers:85  crew:7)
Fatalities: 92   (passengers:85  crew:7)
Ground: 0
Summary: The plane crashed into high terrain at approximately 270 mph during an approach to Dulles Airport. The crew's decision to descend before aircraft reached the approach segment. The crew ignored high terrain marked on the en route chart and continued their descent. Lack of clarity in ATC procedures. The issuance of the approach clearance when the flight was 44 miles from the airport on an unpublished route without clearly defined minimum altitudes. Inadequate depiction of altitude restrictions on the profile view of the approach chart for the VOR/DME approach to Runway 12 at Dulles International Airport.

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