- ACCIDENT DETAILS
Date: December 04, 1965
Time: 16:18
Location: Carmel, New York
Operator: Trans World Airlines / Eastern Air Lines
Flight #: 42 / 853
Route: Boston - Newark
AC Type: Boeing B-707-131B / L1049C Constellation
Registration: N748TW/N6218C
cn / ln: 18387/286 / 4526
Aboard: 112   (passengers:100  crew:12)
Fatalities: 4   (passengers:3  crew:1)
Ground: 0
Summary: Midair collision at 11,000 feet. Misjudgment of altitude separation by the crew of EAL 853 because of an optical illusion created by the up-slope effect of cloud tops resulting in an evasive maneuver by the EAL 853 crew and a reactionary evasive maneuver by the TWA 42 crew. The 707 landed at JFK despite losing 25 feet of the left wing. There were no injuries to the crew of 7 and 51 passengers aboard the 707. Three of the 46 passengers and 1 crew member aboard EAL 853 were killed. Misjudgment of altitude separation by the crew of the Constellation because of an optical illusion created by the up-slope effect of cloud tops, resulting in an evasive maneuver by the Constellation crew and a reactionary evasive maneuver by the Boeing crew.
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